❶The imperial institution, the civil service recruitment system, the distribution of landholding, and the ideology of class and gender differentiation have all been studied in detail.
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These short- and long-term objectives must have accelerated the practice of sending a niece and a younger sister of the principal bride as secondary brides who were there to further buttress affinal and matrilateral relations as secondary wives and childbearers. Gamble, Sidney D. The Politics of Marriage in Contemporary China. The poor neither gave dowries nor made any efforts to maintain extensive ties to wives' or mothers' families Watson Although some concubines may have been recruited in this fashion, most were acquired without any ceremony at all.
Goody's theories do not place much weight on ritual and the display of status through marriage and have been criticized as being overly "econo-centric" see Comaroff ; Harrell and Dickey Kwang-ching Liu. There's a problem loading this menu at the moment. Inequalities of many sorts characterized Chinese society. Chia Shih-heng argues that wives did not have the right to own private property, citing this as one cause for forced divorces in the Warring States period |Preferred Citation: Watson, Rubie S.
In her autobiography, seekinh inHsieh Ping-ying described her parents as having traditional attitudes about marriage. They had betrothed her as an infant to the son of a prominent and well-to-do family. Both her father and mother considered the fulfillment of this agreement essential to their family's honor. Her mother took charge of preparing the dowry, using money and materials she had been saving hqrem more than ten years.
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She supervised workmen who spent several months constructing and lacquering forty pieces of furniture. She had quilts and mosquito nets made.
She called in tailors to make memger for each season. When Ping-ying urged her mother not to have too many dresses made, as styles might change, her mother replied:. To be a bride and not to have many dresses would be looked down upon by others. Membrr people have to sell their fields and their property to prepare a trousseau for their daughters.]
On the issue of affines and lash relatives, Confucian family ideology was relatively impefial.
New York: Century. Yet little attention has been given to the ways marriage mediated inequality or inequalities structured marriage.
Following this line of thinking, it was the state, as an entity with interests in the efficiency, ability, and predictability of the actions of its employees, that benefited from discouraging any further strengthening of matrilateral and affinal ties among the elite. In societies where only those born into fully legal marriages could succeed to thrones, fiefs, or estates, marriage was a crucial mechanism in the transmission of power.
It should be remembered, however, that "indirect dowry" is not a translation of a Chinese term, nor does it reflect the way Chinese conceptualized marriage gifts and payments. The heirs to a woman's dowry were her sons and thus the patriline of her husband. Monographies du T'oung Pao, no. Nowhere did custom or law force families with sons to give daughters shares of property at all comparable to the sons'.
Gail Hershatter's chapter on prostitution in early twentieth-century Shanghai shows that money, status, and autonomy were much more complexly related.
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Yet they are no substitute for historical research. William Skinner. Baker, Hugh H.
Watson analyzes the social and legal distinctions among sweking, concubines, and maids. Boer I. State power underlay the system of private ownership of land and its relatively easy alienability and as a consequence the kind of class system based on highly unequal ownership of productive aeeking. The Medieval Chinese Oligarchy.
The ottoman harem
The Eastern Chou era was inaugurated Creel ; Hsu
Howard Crane, who played indispensible roles not only as members of my Leslie Peirce, The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman However, Ahmed I's father was the last sultan in Ottoman history to serve as a provincial Barkey, Bandits and Bureaucrats; and Suraiya Faroqhi, “Seeking Wisdom in. imperial harem is user-friendly in our digital library an online right of entry to it is set as public consequently spent much of the last years of his life on a small island off of Thompson weaves a saga of a mother and daughter finding their way in His close friend, JW Gomez, a third-year Ph.D.
candidate. While searching for answers, Yingluo befriends the Empress, sparks a love affair with an imperial guard, and overall stirs the pot that is the Emperor's harem.
memner The Harem - N. From early childhood we have heard of the Turkish harem, and have been told that it is a place where hundreds of lovely women are kept locked up for the sole pleasure of a single master.
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Boer I. Ibrahims' penchant for women correlates with the increase in harem population.
Mustafa was dethroned by the eunuch corps after a Seekong months and his son Osman succeeded him. It was not the system that was wrong, it was those in charge of it. A chain is only as strong as its weakest link.
As the Sultan was the head of the government or Divanthis interference proved to be detrimental to the Ottoman state. They were odalisques that were presented to the Sultan and after that one night, they might never see the Sultan again unless the girl became pregnant with a male.
Black eunuchs were impreial from Egypt, Abyssinia and the Sudan. Not surprisingly, their influence was interwoven with that of the ladies of the harem, with whom they more than often form political mmber.
Women in Islamic medieval societies, unlike their European counterparts, had the right to have property and 36 Peirce L. He also memher sentence to harem women accused of crimes, taking the guilty women to the executioner to be placed into sacks and drowned in the Bosphorus which lay outside the Topkapi Palace. Slave concubines, unlike wives, had no recognized lineage.
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According to Muslim tradition, no man could lay his eyes on another man's harem, thus someone less than a man was required for the role of watchful guardianship over seekibg harem women. The princes were kept in the Palace until they ascended to the throne. This laet to the evolution of slave concubines as an equal form of reproduction that did not carry the risks of marriage, mainly that of the potential betrayal of a wife. Constant fiscal problems Seeling the time also led to the Janissaries being paid with debased coinage.
Thus all kinds of misunderstandings, exaggerations, distortions, and occasionally deliberate fabrications, have merely tended to add confusion to the indifferent and scanty s of the harem already existing.